pavement facilities for deicing operations have been constructed
at several airports in North America. Some of those facilities
have experienced premature pavement distress, but the extent of
this issue is not known. The distress appears to occur within
two to three years. The deteriorated facilities have not been
studied to determine if there is a detrimental interaction of
the aircraft de-icing chemicals and/or the concrete's constituent
materials, if the construction techniques affected the deterioration,
and if environmental conditions influenced the deterioration.
As the industry moves to build more dedicated de-icing facilities,
the nature of the distress must be determined. This research is
intended to determine the nature and extent of the deterioration
at dedicated facilities and provide an overview of any challenges
and potential solutions to specifiers, designers, contractors
this study, dedicated de-icing facilities are defined as those
facilities that are specifically for the purpose of aircraft de-icing.
Typically, these facilities include a collection and treatment
mechanism for the collection of run-off and are not integral to
enplanement facilities. The frequency of use and the concentration
of de-icing chemicals are likely to be higher at dedicated facilities
than on an apron de-icing operations occur at numerous locations.
overall objectives of this research project are:
the extent of Portland Cement Concrete pavement distresses with
a quantitative review of dedicated de-icing facilities in North
America through a site visit and meeting with airport operations
personnel. Create a database of these facilities, intended to
answer the following questions as a minimum:
many of these facilities are deteriorated?
What types and extent of distress exists (if any)?
was the relative age of the concrete when the deterioration
types of joint sealants were used?
specifications or modifications to standards were used for
the projects (P-501, etc.)?
de-icing chemicals are used at the facility?
relative quantity of de-icing chemicals is used?
there other chemicals used on the facility?
proposal should identify other variables that the research team
deems relevant. (Note: The IPRF will provided the research
team that is awarded the contract a list of at least ten dedicated
de-icing facilities to be used for this database.)
a forensic analysis to determine the extent and nature of distressed
concrete observed at dedicated airplane de-icing facilities.
The forensic study should include, but not be limited to petrographic
studies and visual distress surveys. This will involve field
sampling, testing, and data analysis. The proposal should outline
the forensic analysis methods that will be used and how many
tests the research team deems feasible. The selection of specific
sites for forensic analysis will be coordinated with the technical
panel after information from the database is complete. A minimum
of four airports must be the subject of a forensic analysis,
and at least one of those four is a facility without early distress.
the cause of concrete distress at the facilities where forensic
analysis is performed and then compare and contrast these results
to identify similarities and/or differences in their mechanisms
of deterioration. Identify if a specific mechanism of concrete
deterioration is caused or exacerbated by airplane de-icing
an overview of the challenges, potential solutions and information,
including future research, needed to prevent deterioration that
may be the result of the design, specification and/or construction
of de-icing facilities.
will be several interim milestones:
- At the onset of the project the research team will review the
literature search performed under IPRF Project 01-G-002-03-9 "Potential
for Acceleration of ASR In the Presence of Pavement Deicing Chemicals."
The researcher will use this review to identify any concrete deterioration
information germane to this study.
Review - The researcher will submit an interim report of the
findings used to populate the database and will define the extent
of the de-icing facility pavement deterioration / early distress.
The researcher will submit a final work plan that fully describes
the forensic analysis techniques and process. The research team
will meet with the Technical Panel for an on-board review at the
offices of the research team for the 20% review meeting.
Review - The researcher will present the results of their
forensic analysis to the technical panel. The review will be an
on-board meeting with the Technical Panel.
Review - The
researcher will submit their draft final report to the technical
panel. The technical panel will review the report and return written
comments to the researcher. A telephone conference call will be
conducted after the researcher reviews the panels' comments to
clarify any comments, suggestions, etc.
are two deliverables:
final research report documenting the database and the review
of de-icing facilities, the results of the forensic analysis
(field and lab test procedures), identification of the deterioration
mechanism, and finally, a recommended roadmap to prevent and
mitigate the distress(s) observed. The report will be submitted
as two original documents and an additional one on electronic
An Executive Report briefly describing the research findings
and recommendations. The report will be submitted as two original
documents and one on electronic media.
following are considered the minimum tasks that are necessary
to complete the study. The proposal may include an increase in
the number of tasks but the number of review meetings specified
above must be retained.
1 - Research Plan and Review of Literature: The research team
will review the literature search performed under IPRF Project
01-G-002-03-9 "Potential for Acceleration of ASR In the Presence
of Pavement Deicing Chemicals." The findings of this review will
be used in the research plan. The research plan should outline
in detail the work to be accomplished, addressing the objectives
described above, and any additional work proposed.
2 - Devise and Populate Database of De-Icing Facilities: This
task includes the collection of general performance and other
information the researcher deems important to determine the extent
of premature pavement deterioration problems on dedicated de-icing
facilities. At least ten airports are to be visited to collect
information for this task. (One must be to an airport in Canada.)
3 - Interim Report and Data Review: At the end of Task 2 a
meeting with the technical panel will be conducted. The researcher
will submit an interim report of the findings of the extent of
the de-icing facility pavement deterioration problem. The researcher
will also submit their final work plan for the forensic study.
The selection of specific sites for forensic analysis will be
coordinated with the technical panel.
researcher will not proceed to Task 4 without written approval
from the IPRF. The review meeting must be scheduled at
least 30 days prior to the actual meeting. Documents that are
prepared for the technical panel review must be provided at least
15 days prior to the meeting. The location of the meeting will
be at the researcher's facility. The researcher will provide a
recording secretary at the review meeting. The comments of the
IPRF technical panel members and the disposition of each comment
will be recorded.
Task 4 - Forensic Field Study: The project review and field
study shall be implemented in accordance with the plan approved
by the Technical Panel as a part of Task 3. Work on Task 4 will
not proceed until a letter of authorization which approves Task
3 products is issued by the IPRF.
5 - Laboratory Analysis: Any laboratory analysis shall be
implemented in accordance with the research plan.
6 - Data Analysis: The data will be analyzed in accordance
with the research plan.
7 - Draft Report Preparation and 75% Review Meeting: The researcher
will prepare and submit a draft report to the IPRF. The draft
report will include the results of the forensic, laboratory and
data analyses. It will describe the cause of concrete distresses
at each facility and compare and contrast the observations made
relative to each de-icing facility studied.
that are prepared for the Technical Panel review must be provided
at least 15 days prior to the meeting. The location of the meeting
will be coordinated through the IPRF. The researcher will provide
a recording secretary at the review meeting. The comments of the
IPRF technical panel members and the disposition of each comment
will be recorded.
8 - Advanced Final Report Preparation and Submittal: The researcher
will make corrections to the draft report using the Technical
Panel review comments. All artwork, graphical presentations, format,
etc. will be included in the advanced final report. For all intent
and purpose, the advanced final report shall be complete with
the exception of the incorporation of final comments made by the
researcher will also prepare an Executive Report briefly describing
the research findings and recommendations. The researcher should
submit the advanced final report and executive summary to the
9 - Advanced Final Report Revisions: Comments will be compiled
by the panel and forwarded to the researcher. The researcher
will coordinate and conduct a telephone conference call to review
the final panel comments before developing the final report and
executive summary. The researcher will provide a recording secretary
for the call. The comments of the IPRF technical panel members
and the disposition of each comment will be recorded.
10 - Final Report: The researcher will submit the final report
to the IPRF and assist with editing that is related to the publication
part of the selection process, the Technical Panel will evaluate
each proposal and subsequently the proposals will be rank ordered.
The panel may ask the team that developed the proposal to participate
in a telephone interview if a proposal is ranked as either the
first and/or second rank. The Principal Investigator, and one
other person representing the team, may be asked to participate
on the interview and discuss the project details, goals, and objectives.
The interview will occur within a 45-day window subsequent to
the proposal submittal deadline. The IPRF will attempt to provide
as much lead time as possible to the Principal Investigator as
to the date of the interview; however, the process may not allow
more than a 12-hour notice.
preparing proposals are urged to review the following documents
to be sure that there is a full understanding of IPRF procedures
and requirements. Proposals must be prepared in the format specified
in the instruction documents. The proposal will be submitted as
one (1) original and 9 copies.
documents required as an aide to the preparation of the proposal
AVAILABLE: Not to Exceed $176,000
TIME: Not to exceed 15Months
PROJECT DIRECTOR: Mr. Gerald
F. Voigt, PE, (847) 966-2272
ESTIMATED NOTICE TO PROCEED DATE: August 15, 2004
PROPOSAL DUE DATE: May 17, 2004 not later than 4:00 P.M. (Eastern
DELIVER PROPOSALS TO:
Innovative Pavement Research Foundation
Cooperative Programs Office
1010 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Suite 200
Washington DC 20001
FAX: (202) 842-2022
Attention: Research Proposal Log